Pep2Dia® For those willing to maintain healthy blood sugar levels and improve their health.
Pep2Dia® is the first patented dairy hydrolysate for the prevention of type 2 diabetes containing an AP dipeptide (Alanine-Proline).
Pep2Dia® is a product developed and manufactured by Ingredia, an offshoot of the Prospérité Fermière cooperative based in Hauts-de-France. For more than 10 years, the group has developed a whole range of natural bioactive ingredients based on milk compounds and scientifically proven to be effective.
How to avoid or delay type 2 diabetes?
Acting on prediabetes can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.
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Our bodies need « fuel » in order to function properly. More precisely, the cells of our muscles and organs feed on sugar – glucose – and oxygen. These two elements travel to them through the bloodstream. Sometimes our metabolism undergoes dysfunctions that lead to difficult or even non-existent assimilation of glucose. Here we are talking about hyperglycaemia. When type 2 diabetes eventually sets in, blood sugar levels stay permanently and irreversibly high. Before reaching this stage, the body goes through another stage called prediabetes. This phase is notable for high blood sugar levels, but they remain below those of type 2 diabetes. A correct lifestyle and certain bioactive ingredients such as Pep2Dia help lower blood sugar levels and thereby avoid type 2 diabetes.
How does blood sugar regulation work in the body?
The continued consumption of glucose is crucial for the functioning of cells. However, sugar intake varies depending on how active the body is. When you exercise, the muscle cells work tremendously hard and demand a much larger share of glucose.
The importance of glycogen for the metabolism
Part of the glucose used comes from glycogen stores. This substance results from a transformation of the glucose that our metabolism stores over time. Why does our body produce glycogen? Like any animal, humans have adapted throughout evolution to survive periods of famine. When we consume a meal that is too rich in nutrients, the excess is stored. Lipids then join the fatty tissue, which is located around the organs and below the skin. Sugars are stored as glycogen, which seeps into muscle tissue and the liver.
During physical effort, it is the muscle glycogen that primarily nourishes the cells. Once the glycogen is consumed, the body sets off another metabolism: supplying cells with glucose in the blood. This comes mainly from glycogen in the liver. This key organ takes glucose from meals through the intestine and stores it as glycogen.
Insulin, an essential hormone in the process of converting glucose
The transformation of glucose into glycogen is carried out mainly thanks to glucagon, a hormone produced in the pancreas. Clusters of cells in the organ, called islets of Langerhans or pancreatic islets, secrete insulin and glucagon hormones into the blood.
Pancreatic cells constantly analyse changes in blood sugar. If the blood glucose level turns out to be too high, islets of Langerhans increase the production of insulin. The hormone then helps the glucose transform into glycogen and stores it in the liver and muscles.
However, if blood sugar drops suddenly, during a sports session for example, the pancreas secretes glucagon. This hormone acts on the liver by converting glycogen into glucose and releasing it into the blood.
Unfortunately, this regulatory system that is essential to the body sometimes suffers from dysfunction, especially during type 2 diabetes.
Regulating blood sugar levels in diabetics
A person has diabetes if their fasting blood sugar reaches or exceeds 1.26 g of sugar per litre of blood. This is called hyperglycaemia. There is too much glucose in the blood andit saturates blood vessels throughout the tissues. The long-term consequences are dramatic: cardiovascular disease, kidney failure, blindness etc.
Depending on the type of diabetes, insulin secretion is either too weak or powerless against glucose.
- Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that primarily affects young people. The immune system eradicates the pancreatic is lets and, as a result, insulin cannot be secreted. The patient requires regular medical monitoring and insulin injections if necessary.
- Type 2 diabetes is characterised by a saturation of glucose in the blood. It is the most common form of diabetes (90% of patients). The disease takes hold slowly. It results from the inability of insulin to perform its task. In short, the more glucose accumulates in the blood, the more insulin production increases. There is then too much insulin in the body and it eventually leads to resistance in cells. Ultimately, the pancreas becomes exhausted trying to make more of these hormones and no longer functions properly.
Regulation of blood sugar in prediabetics
As we have seen above, type 2 diabetes takes root slowly in the human body. A long phase, called prediabetes, precedes the disease.
In the prediabetes phase, the level of glucose in the blood is between 1.05 g and 1.26 g of sugar per litre of blood. This is too high and therefore leads to hyperglycaemia. However, the action of insulin still produces the desired effects, even though the pancreas becomes overworked and cells begin to resist. This stage, which in no way corresponds to a disease, can subside or even disappear.
Adopting a healthy lifestyle already decreases the risk of contracting diabetes. This requires a balanced diet and regular physical activity. If blood sugar is still high, the use of bioactive ingredients such as Pep2Dia can strengthen the preventive action of a better lifestyle and add to the efforts to prevent type 2 diabetes.
Pep2dia helps lower blood sugar levels in the body
In the efforts to combat prediabetes, Pep2Dia offers an AP dipeptide, the particularity of which is to inhibit the action of a digestive enzyme called alpha glucosidase. By reducing its action, Pep2Dia limits the transformation of complex sugars into glucose, thereby reducing blood sugar levels. Pep2dia contains an AP (Alanine-Proline) dipeptide. This molecule is made up of two amino acid residues (Alanine and Proline).